Advice on the use of hunting weapons

Advice on the use of hunting weapons

September is the month of the beginning of the hunting activity, and the use of weapons during the hunt causes not a few accidents. However, following some tips, you can avoid them.

Safety first of all, therefore: every weapon must be handled as if it were loaded. So, as soon as we take the gun out of our closet. We must immediately verify that there are no cartridges in the barrel and in the magazine. But also before “bagging it” to put it in the car and at the end of the hunting day.

Then there are other situations that can be potentially dangerous, such as when you stop and sit with the shotgun on the side. In this case, it is a good idea to unload it because the dog could drop it and can cause the accidental departure of a blow.

Having said this, it is too important to check the condition of the conveyor belt. It could be deteriorated, and its collapse during shoulder transport would make the gun fall with the consequence of a possible accidental shot.

Attention also to when the weapon rests:

It has been ascertained that many explosions of rifle barrels (especially those with a smooth barrel) have been caused by partial occlusion of the barrel which has caused an abnormal increase in the internal pressure at the time of the shot.

This can be caused by the dangerous habit of placing the weapon on the ground on the side of the sprint, believing, perhaps, that this is safer. In reality, this practice, especially in the presence of soft soil, can cause obstruction of the barrel.

Before reusing the firearm after having cleaned and stored it, it is good practice to check that there are no patches or other foreign bodies left in the barrel.

Hunting for ungulates

The ever increasing diffusion of the hunt for ungulates with rifled barrel weapons leads us to a final reflection on safety. Many hunters may not know enough about the potential of the weapon they use. This is witnessed by the numerous hunting accidents that unfortunately occur every year. The rifled-barreled arms, unlike the smooth-bore ones, have a useful shot (ie the distance at which a bullet still has enough kinetic energy to cause damage) well over a thousand meters, with a maximum range that, for the calibers more powerful. It even exceeds five thousand meters.

For this reason, it is a good safety rule, when using these weapons, to always take the following precautions:

  1. Position yourself so as to be able to engage the possible target from top to bottom.
  2. If you shoot in the mountains, from bottom to top, try to engage targets that have a ridge behind you.
  3. In shooting in the bush never make fire if you are not sure that there is nobody in front of us.
  4. Armored rifle bullets are easily subject to “bounce” phenomena. Therefore it is advisable to avoid shooting at short distances on rocky walls or stony ground. If your hunting ambit is made up of similar natural scenarios. It would be good to choose ammunition with a lead bullet (soft point), less prone to rebound, while those with a monolithic ball are absolutely not recommended.
  5. In hunting in a wooded or shrub-covered environment, never shoot unless you see movement between the plants. It is not said that an animal provokes it. It is a good safety rule to engage our target only when it is seen.

The detention

The weapons must be conserved with “due diligence”, that is putting in place all those precautions that prevent anyone. If not the holder of the complaint of detention, to take possession of them and handle them.

In several national provinces, the Quaestors have long imposed on citizens residing or living there, special provisions concerning the methods of conservation of weapons.

An example is the use of an armored cabinet; therefore, in the case of transfers to locations other than that of residence. It is advisable to inquire about the presence or not of these possible restrictions.


The weapons that must reach different locations must be transported unloaded and in an “envelope” or in a special case. This to avoid that it is involved in the crime of illegal port of arms that is in the transport of a weapon that is considered in “ready use.”

The law requires us in fact that the transfer of a weapon occurs as a simple transport of an inert object that is not able to fire or be loaded in a short time.

If you have to deal with long journeys. It is good to have a companion so that, in case of a stop, a person can devote himself to the surveillance of the weapons while the other provides for his needs. Never leave your weapons in plain sight and maybe unattended on the car.

You may also want to read:

Four tips for your trip to the mountain

The most common problems when traveling … and how to solve them

Organize your trip in 10 steps!


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